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L'vov, Ukraine: A gift from Stalin

zondag, oktober 24, 2010 · Category History · comments 4

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Considering all things right, L'viv has been Polish territory throughout centuries and is now Ukrainian territory thanks to the infamous Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact orchestrated by Stalin and Hitler.

Modern day L'viv or L'vov

Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів) is a city in western Ukraine. The city is regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today's Ukraine and historically also for Ukraine’s neighbour, Poland, as the city before WWII and the following population transfers was the second most important Polish cultural centre. The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone roads has survived World War II and ensuing Soviet presence largely unscathed. The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List (Unesco World Heritage List nr. 865). Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a son et lumière in the city centre in September 2006.

Founding of L'viv

Lviv was founded in 1256 in Red Ruthenia by King Danylo Halytskyi of the Ruthenian principality of Halych-Volhynia, and named in honour of his son, Lev. Together with the rest of Red Ruthenia, Lviv was captured by the Kingdom of Poland in 1349 during the reign of Polish king Casimir III the Great. Lviv belonged to the Kingdom of Poland 1349–1569, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1772, the Austrian Empire 1772–1918 and the Second Polish Republic 1918–1939.

The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, named after the Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov (after the replacement of Jewish, pro-Western Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov) and the German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, was an agreement officially titled the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union and signed in Moscow in the late hours of 23 August 1939. It was a non-aggression pact under which the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany each pledged to remain neutral in the event that either nation were attacked by a third party. It remained in effect until 22 June 1941, when Germany implemented Operation Barbarossa, invading the Soviet Union. With the Invasion of Poland at the outbreak of the second World War, the city of Lviv with adjacent land were annexed and incorporated into the Soviet Union, becoming part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1939 to 1941. Between July 1941 and July 1944 Lviv was under German occupation and was located in the General Government.

L'viv in World War II

In July 1944 it was captured by the Soviet Red Army and the Polish Home Army. According to the agreements of the Yalta Conference, Lviv was again integrated into the Ukrainian SSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the city remained a part of the now independent Ukraine, for which it currently serves as the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast, and is designated as its own raion (district) within that oblast.

The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact: The secret pact

In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol dividing Northern and Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence, anticipating potential "territorial and political rearrangements" of these countries. Thereafter, Germany and the Soviet Union invaded their respective sides of Poland, dividing the country between them. Part of eastern Finland was annexed by the Soviet Union after the Winter War. This was followed by Soviet annexations of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Bessarabia.

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Comments

1. by Lateisha about 5 years

This does look promising. I'll keep cmniog back for more.

2. by bart about 4 years

Please do so! I am glad to hear you liked what you saw

3. by Kurt Rolf about 3 years

Lwów for over 700 years was an integral part of the Great Republic of Poland Nobles. We created this state together with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Kievan Rus. Stalin and treacherous fools: Churchill & Roosevelt, in 1944 it was annexed to the Soviet Union. ,,Independent" Ukraine believes that this Ukrainian city, but enough to go there to see that this city was, is and will be Polish. Enough pictures of Lwów. Recognition of Polish independence of Ukraine (we were the first country in the world that it did ) does not mean reconciliation Poland and Polish people with the loss of Lviv, Stanisławów (today - Ivano-Frankivsk), Tarnopol, or thousands of other Polish towns and villages in the east of the Second Polish Republic. Lwów was, is and will be Polish.

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