behind the headlines

Libya 2011: UNSC resolution 1973 without a goal

Sunday, March 20, 2011 · Category Politics · comments 1


So finally after 42 years in power even longsitter Muammar Gaddafi is facing his final days. The West has condemned, loved and done a lot of business with a man thougth to be responsible of the very long list of acts and crimes against humanity. Where other North-African revolts where going quit smooth, Gaddafi wanted nothing of this and just send in one of his most aggresive sons to battle the insurgants.

UNSC Resultion 1970

Pretty need if you come to think of the numbers the resolutions were given. 1970 was just a standard UN protest against the use of lethal force in Libya in Febrauri 2011. These kind of UN resolutions are based on the idea: "We don't like you, yet we are powerless to change anything ourselves". 1970 was also the first year in power for Gaddafi after the 1969 military coup. Although Britisch SAS mercanaries tried to overhaul the coup; the US government - back than - thought of Gaddafi to be enough anti-Marxist to be worth protecting.

UNSC Resultion 1973

The UNSC resolution 1973 demands "an immediate ceasefire" and authorizes the international community to establish a no-fly zone over Libya and to use all means necessary short of foreign occupation to protect civilians. The resolution 1973 key-points:

  • demands the immediate establishment of a ceasefire and a complete end to violence and all attacks against, and abuses of, civilians;
  • imposes a no-fly zone over Libya;
  • authorises all necessary means to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas, except for a "foreign occupation force";
  • strengthens the arms embargo and particularly action against mercenaries, by allowing for forcible inspections of ships and planes;
  • imposes a ban on all Libyan-designated flights;
  • imposes an asset freeze on assets owned by the Libyan authorities, and reaffirms that such assets should be used for the benefit of the Libyan people;
  • extends the travel ban and assets freeze of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 to a number of additional individuals and Libyan entities;
  • establishes a panel of experts to monitor and promote sanctions implementation.

The unique numbered UNSC 1973 and the day after

So on March 19, saturday morning, French Fighter Jets started to fly over Libian Airspace and reportedly took out one military vehicle. The USA and Britain than started a bombardement aimed at Libian Air-to-Air missile defence systems. They basically launched some 110 Tomahawk cruise missiles from ships and onderzee boten. The advance from Libian forces on the rebels stronghold city "Benghazi", which was once the town where Colonel Gaddafi entered the Libyan military academy in 1961.

On Prophet Muhammad's birthday in 1973, Gaddafi delivered his famous "Five-Point Address" which declared:

  • Suspension of all existing laws and implementation of Sharia
  • Purging the country of the "politically sick"
  • Creation of a "people's militia" to "protect the revolution"
  • Administrative revolution
  • Cultural revolution

Libya, Gaddafi and his Western friends turned enemies once again

It is always amusing to look back a little bit in history to check what happened and how the man - in our case Colonel Gaddafi - has manouvered over the course of history. In this case I am especially interested in the Western "friends". Because today's enemies of Colonel Kaddafi recently were among his best "new friends". Let's take a closer look:

Gaddafi and the USA
In 1999 Libya was the first Arab country to pledge its commitment to fighting Al-Qaeda and offered to open its weapons programme to Internation inspection. With the Lockerbie suspects being a first priority and the waepons programme not regarded as a threat, the USA left the image improvement of Gaddafi for what it was. After the 11 September attacks Gaddafi made the first and firmest denunciation of AL-Qaeda bombings.

On 15 May 2006, the US State Department announced that it would restore full diplomatic relations with Libya, once Gaddafi declared he was abandoning Libya's weapons of mass destruction program. The State Department also said that Libya would be removed from the list of nations supporting terrorism.

In September 2008, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Libya and met with Gaddafi as part of a North African tour. This was the first visit to Libya by a US Secretary of State since 1953.

G8 Summit July 2009
Gaddafi also took part in the G8 summit in L'Aquila in July as Chairman of the African Union. During the summit a handshake between US President Barack Obama and Muammar Gaddafi marked the first time the Libyan leader had been greeted by a serving US president. Then at the official dinner offered by Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, Berlusconi, the Italian Prime Minister and G8 host, overturned protocol at the last moment by having Gaddafi sit next to him (just two places away from President Obama, seated on Berlusconi's right)

British PM Tony Blair became one of the first Western leaders (2004) in decades to visit Libya and publicly meet Gaddafi. Blair praised Gaddafi's recent acts, and stated that he hoped Libya could now be a strong ally in the international War on Terror.


  • March 2006, France was able to conclude an agreement with Libya to develop a significant nuclear power program.
  • In July 2007, French president Nicolas Sarkozy visited Libya and signed a number of bilateral and multilateral (EU) agreements with Gaddafi.

And Italy?
What about Italy. Since 2008, Italy is Libya's principal commercial partner. Numerous commercial agreements have been signed in the oil, infrastructural and financial sectors between both countries. On August 30, 2008, Gaddafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a historic cooperation treaty in Benghazi. Under its terms, Italy will pay $5 billion to Libya as compensation for its former military occupation. In exchange, Libya will take measures to combat illegal immigration coming from its shores and boost investments in Italian companies.

And now what? A UNSC resolution 1973 without a goal

Most of the fighting will be done through the air, where coalition forces already have gained full control of Libian Airspace. Yet a battle is fought and won on the ground. The UNSC resolution however doesn't say anything about the day after it was accepted and the first bombartments started.

  • So what are we really going to do? Wait for Gaddafi to flee the country? Not likely. Officially his foreign assests are frozen and he can't leave the country according to UNSC resolution 1973
  • Go in with groundtroops? Not likely since UNSC resolution 1973 states "except for a foreign occupation force". Of course marines, SAS, CIA and the likes are probably already widely present in the area on the ground, but these guys aren't considered "ground forces". If legal they usually go in as "trainers" and of course "advisers"
  • Split the country in half? An Eastern and Western part, where the Western part will be controlled by Gaddafi and Sons and the Eastern part for the opposition? Most likely if you ask me.
  • Because of the weakness of the UN and it's structure - with veto rights for permanent members - we are looking at a very long stance in Libya, costing the taxpayers billions of dollars and leaving the country without a decision. Sure we watch over you guys down there in Libya, but we ain't doing anything.
  • Two new countries will be born in 2011: Democratic Eastern Libya with strong ties to past colonial forces France and Britain and the "Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya" headed by Colonel Gaddafi. Maybe we will get another one of those famous demarcation lines like North and South-Korea. Or what about something like another concrete wall?
Democratic Republic of Libya (New country in 2011?)
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Gaddafi)
Region/Province Pop (2006) Land area (km2) Region/Province Pop (2006) Land area (km2)
Al Butnan 159,536 83,860 Sirt/Surt 141,378 77,660
Darnah 163,351 19,630 Murzuq 78,621 349,790
Al Jabal al Akhdar 206,180 7,800 Sabha 134,162 15,330
Al Marj 185,848 10,000 Wadi Al Hayaa 76,858 31,890
Benghazi 670,797 43,535 Misratah 550,938  
Al Wahat 177,047   Al Murgub 432,202  
Al Kufrah  50,104 483,510 Tarabulus 1,065,405 
      Al Jfara 453,198 1,940
      Az Zawiyah 290,993 2,890
      An Nuqat al Khams 287,662 
      Al Jabal al Gharbi 304,159  
      Nalut 93,224  
      Ghat 23,518 72,700
      Al Jufrah 52,342 117,410
      Wadi Al Shatii 78,532 97,16


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  • Libya-Bouri_NC_41_DP4_platform.jpg
  • Libyan_pivot_irrigation_dessert.jpg
  • Modern_Tripoli_Libya.JPG
  • Temple_of_Zeus_Cyrene_Libya.jpg
  • The_TRIPOLI_cathedral_1960.jpg


1. by Jhai about 7 years

Hahaha cave man hahaha.They were acnvaded much more then you until nuclear war and flood happened and killed them.They were white people more then 170cm tall who had children on North Americas continent.Those children were also Native Americas people.They were nothing different then most Europians.Later Indians outnumbered them and murdered them in all Indians stories and many whites became red because of climate.Point is that they sailed with boats from Europe to North America.


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